Shivaji Maharaj’s Illustrious Fort History
His strategic vision of capturing or creating forts at specific geographical locations was the very foundation of his kingdom and war tactics. His selection of sites for the construction of his forts demonstrates his foresight as a king.“Raigad” – one of his forts was also his capital – the place of his throne, during the later part of his reign. It was this fort where he was coroneted as “Chhatrapati”.
The fortifications and architecture of his forts is well appreciated by researches, scholars, historians and architects alike in India and abroad. . Double line fortification was a distinct feature of most of his forts. The designs of his forts were not exactly similar and changed with the topography and in harmony of the contour. One would never find lavish or decorative palaces or dance floors or gardens for luxury, but on the contrary the forts were built for military convenience and had the comfort of essential requirements nevertheless. There was not much difference in the area of higher or lower ranks in these forts and Shivaji Maharaj was a staunch believer of equality and despised discrimination.
This blog will feature stories and articles about Shivaji Maharaj’s forts in and outside Maharashtra.
All these forts can be broadly categorized into GiriDurg – the hill forts, JalDurg - the sea forts, BhuDurg- the forts built on flat lands, Vandurg – the forest forts, GavhraDurg – the cave forts and KardamDurg - the fort is built in a mud or a marshy land. Shivaji Maharaj was a people’s king – the learned one (Jaanata Raja) and hence encouraged community participation in the building and defence of his forts. The administration of his forts itself can be a discipline of research and study. These forts can be looked upon as havens built to safeguard the dynasty and its mark on the pages of history.